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When I look for C.D. The yields can be expensive

If the Federal Reserve acts as expected next week to raise interest rates, savers will be looking for deposit certificates that offer better returns.

But first, consumers have to carefully consider what kind of punishment they can pay if they withdraw money from a C.D. Soon to put it in a new certificate with a marginally higher rate, said Greg McBride, an analyst with Bankrate.com.

These sanctions pile more than one wall when rates are low, as they have been in the last seven years, since the gains are so high. In addition, banks impose stiffer penalties on early withdrawals from some C.D.s in the long run, a recent analysis found by Bankrate.

Typical penis is three months of interest for the three year and six months of C.D and six months of interest for a year and two years C.D.s Meanwhile, a one-year interest penalty is more prevalent for five years C.D; A year ago, a six-month penalty was just as likely.

(For its analysis, Bankrate has examined C.D’s offers in the top ten banks and saves on the top ten markets, in addition to the five largest depositary credit unions at the beginning of October).

If a C.D. It did not earn enough interest to cover the penalty – for example, if it is a C.D year, but money is withdrawn before six months – most banks will be penalized by the main. The analysis found that a large majority (89 percent) of banks will have some capital if the earned interest does not cover the sanction. This is a major drawback, as the main risk is the main one. “Investors were trying to avoid it first,” McBride said.

Some banks even charge a penalty based on a flat percentage of the main withdrawal, which can lead to sanctions that damage potential gains. Bankrate cited a semester C.D. From the Fifth Third Bank, with an annual percentage return of 0.05% and an early withdrawal fee of 2%. This means that the yield on a $ 10,000 of C.D. It would be about $ 2.50, but the penalty would be $ 200.

So unless consumers are in trouble and that money is needed immediately, “they need to wait” as long as a C.D. Mature before withdrawing money, McBride said.

There may be a good reason to wait anyway. The Fed has kept the reference rate close to zero for years as an economic stimulus and should increase incrementally. This means that the impact on the rates banks pay on deposits will probably be modest and gradual. So savers will probably not see C.D.s paying 3 or 4 percent early, said Eric Mancini, financial planner with Traphagen Financial Group at Oradell, N.J.

Questions and Answers on Increasing Interest Rates:

■ What kind of banks are likely to increase deposit rates in the first place?

Online banks are probably among the first to start offering higher rates, said Ken Tumin, co-founder of DepositAccounts.com. These banks, which tend to reduce overall costs, are already offering more competitive rates. The Synchronic Bank, for example, offers a 12 month C.D at 1.25 percent A.P.Y. This compares with an average yield of 0.27 percent for C.D. Of 12 months, according to the Bankrate.

■ What happens if savings rates continue to increase after I buy a C.D.

In addition to early withdrawal penalties, there is another reason to take your time to shift your money into new C.D.s. The Fed will probably continue to raise rates next year, so it may not be wise to link your money to a longer term CD as soon as rates start to beat, said Ted Beck, chairman and general manager of the National Endowment for Education Education, a non-profit group based in Denver. “If it locks in a five-year C.D,” he said, “you could leave money on the table.”

■ Are there other ways to avoid losing growth rates?

An option is to “scale” C.D.s, setting different with different maturation dates rather than placing a lump sum in a single C.D. great. Or, you might consider a “bump up” C.D. Mr. Mancini cited Ally Bank’s Raise Your Rate C.D., which allows you to block a minimum initial rate with the option to increase it once or twice, depending on the initial term, if the rates increase. Be sure to check, however, to see if the initial speed on a C.D. bump-up. It’s better than a traditional short-term CD, said Lisa Gerstner, co-editor of Kiplinger’s Personal Finance. “Look where are you starting?”

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